In the beginning, nations emerged in various parts of the world as a form of new solidarity based on equality that resolves, instead of negates, ethnic, racial or religious differences. However, in many parts of the world, the history of national awakening or independence is often inseparable from racial violence, including in the Americas, Europe, Australia and Indonesia.
Heryanto, Ariel (2020) “Solidarity”, Kompas, 4/07/2020.
This piece is Kompas translation of the original in Indonesian, click here.
keywords: Bersiap, Black Lives Matter, Papua, Racism, Chinese