Entertainment, Domestication, and Dispersal: Street Politics as Popular Culture

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during the series of sham elections under the New Order government, the masses behaved in ways that might at first appear vulgar and unruly. But considered within the specific political context of that time, their behaviour can be regarded as much more rational and subversively powerful than has usually been portrayed, more so indeed than the political activism of the urban intelligentsia.

In 2009, however, the political setting had altered significantly, and so had the country’s electoral laws and procedures. The subversive power of the masses dissipated, ironically at a moment when Indonesia’s democracy had become more liberalised.

Heryanto, Ariel (2010) “Entertainment, Domestication, and Dispersal: Street Politics as Popular Culture”, in E. Aspinnal and M. Mietzner (eds), Problems of Democratisation in Indonesia: Elections, Institutions and Society, Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, pp. 181-198.

keywords: appearance, culture, elections, entertainment, gender, non-elite, orality, politics

The bearable lightness of democracy

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Heryanto, Ariel (2010) “The bearable lightness of democracy”, in T. Reuter (ed.), The Return to Constitutional Democracy in Indonesia, Monash Asia Institute, Clayton, pp. 51-63.

keywords: democratisation, fetish, Iiberalisation, mass media, nostalgia, post-New Order, propaganda

Pop Culture and Competing Identities

Most observers of Indonesian culture devote attention to so-called traditional or ethnic cultures (often exoticized by many studies to be authentic cultures of the people), the state-sanctioned ‘official’ version of national cultures (as often propagated in schools and ceremonies), or the ‘avant-garde’ or ‘high’ cultures of the nation’s intelligentsia (as found in the academy, theatres and prestigious galleries). These categories are helpful for conceptualizing what we mean by ‘pop culture’, by highlighting what it is not.

Heryanto, Ariel (2008) “Pop Culture and Competing Identities”, in A. Heryanto (ed), Popular Culture in Indonesia: Fluid Identities in Post-Authoritarian Politics, London & New York: Routledge, pp. 1-36.

keywords: classes, ethnography, feminine, gender, identities, ideologies, industry, Inul Daratista, Islamization, masculine, pop culture

Citizenship and Indonesian Ethnic Chinese in Post-1998 Films

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Heryanto, Ariel (2008) “Citizenship and Indonesian Ethnic Chinese in Post-1998 Films”, in A. Heryanto (ed), Popular Culture in Indonesia: Fluid Identities in Post-Authoritarian Politics, London & New York: Routledge, pp. 70-92.

keywords: assimilation, Ca-bau-kan, Chinese, citizenship, discrimination, ethnicity, film, Gie, New Order, racism

The Debris of Post-Authoritarianism in Indonesia

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Heryanto, Ariel (2004) “The Debris of Post-Authoritarianism in Indonesia” in Democracy and Civil Society in Asia: Volume 2, F. Quadir and J. Lele (eds), London: Palgrave and Macmillan, pp. 65-85.

keywords: civil liberties, culture, democracy, emic, etic, political violence, post-authoritarianism, post-colonial

Public Intellectuals, Media and Democratization

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Heryanto, Ariel (2003) “Public Intellectuals, Media and Democratization” in Challenging Authoritarianism in Southeast Asia; Comparing Indonesia and Malaysia, A. Heryanto and S.K. Mandal (eds), London: RoutledgeCurzon, pp. 24-59.

keywords: democratization, Indonesia, Malaysia, media, middle class, postcolonial, public intellectual, Satya Wacana

Intimacy with Post-colonial Violence; Notes from Indonesia

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Heryanto, Ariel (2001) “Intimacy with Post-colonial Violence; Notes from Indonesia”, Humane Societies, Janet McCalman (ed.), Canberra: The Australian Academy of Humanities, pp. 31-44.

keywords: Asian values, Indonesia, mass violence, post-colonial, Reformasi, spectacle, stylisation

The Years of Living Luxuriously

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“Consumption always makes a social statement, sometimes more and sometimes less than simply indicating the consumer’s purchasing capacity and personal taste.”

Heryanto, Ariel (1999) “The Years of Living Luxuriously” in Culture and Privilege in Capitalist Asia, Michael Pinches (ed.), London and New York: Routledge, pp. 159-187.

keywords: Asianization, bourgeoisie, capitalism, class, consumerism, cultural construction, hegemony, ideology, lifestyle, Muslim, new rich