This chapter discusses why for a long time the idea of journalists as industrial employees has been denied or misrecognized by many and often opposing camps; and why such recognition has now become practically unavoidable. It also briefly examines a similar and related phenomenon with reference to other urban sections of the middle-class intelligentsia in today’s turbulent Indonesia.
Heryanto, Ariel and Adi, Stanley Y. (2002) “Industrialized Media in Democratizing Indonesia”, in Media Fortunes, Changing Times – ASEAN States in Transition, Russell Hiang-Khng Heng (ed.), Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, pp. 47-82.
keywords: democratization, Indonesia, industrialization, internet, Jakarta-Jakarta, labour, literacy, media, post-colonial, Tempo